Scientific Behavior: Comparative and analytical Investigation about dimensions and evidences

Document Type : مقالات پژوهشی


1 university of kordestan

2 university of ferdowsi


Purpose: In this study we aimed to determine and categorize scientists’ behavior dimensions and evidences.
Methodology: We reviewed different fields related to scientific behavior, scientists’ traits and science processes. A comprehensive and comparative list of concepts was extracted as an outcome of the review. Then, we categorize concepts according to behavioral psychology theories. Finally, relationships between dimensions were discussed and we developed a new conceptual model.
Findings: Scientific behavior is not considered in a specific field. But, Concepts related to scientists’ thoughts and behavior are discussed in different fields such as behavioral psychology, science sociology, and research methodology. We found that the concepts can be grouped in five dimensions according to Fishbine and Ajzen's (1975) Reasoned and Planned behavior theories. Norm/Ethic Dimension is the most discussed in literature, some dimensions (e.g. knowledge structure and scientific attitude) lack researcher consideration. We found that the Five Scientific Behavior Dimensions (FSBD) are related to each other in a cyclic process and this process has a continuous, spiral development. Organizations, especially universities, which aim to train researchers can found the five dimensions as criteria for purpose identification and measuring and evaluating the results. The FSBD may inspire researchers to consider and investigate these criteria in information science.


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