نوع مقاله : مقالات مروری

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه ارزیابی سیاست ها و پایش علم، فناوری و نوآوری/ مرکز تحقیقات سیاست علمی کشور، تهران

2 کارشناس پژوهشی گروه ارزیابی سیاست ها و پایش علم، فناوری و نوآوری/ مرکز تحقیقات سیاست علمی کشور، تهران

چکیده

مقدمه: علم باز (علم آزاد یا علم همگانی) واژه­ ای پیچیده است، و به روندها و جنبش ­هایی اطلاق می‌شود و گستره ­ای از منابع همگانی (باز)، دسترسی همگانی (دسترسی آزاد)، بایگانی همگانی، تا انتشارات آزاد را در برمی‌گیرد. مقاله حاضر بر جنبش علم باز به ­عنوان ساختار تقویت‌کننده­ زیست­ بوم آموزش‌وپرورش پرداخته است.
روش­ شناسی: این مطالعه مروری- تحلیلی و مبتنی بر شواهد است که با تکیه بر مُدل زیست‌بوم منابع باز به تحلیل مؤلفه­ های مرتبط شامل ذینفعان یادگیری (افراد، سازمان‌ها و جوامع) و ابزارهای یادگیری (ابزاری و محتوایی) به‌همراه ارائه مستنداتِ ملی و بین ­المللی در هر مورد می ­پردازد و در انتها، توصیه ­های سیاستی را در این راستا برای کشور ارائه می­کند.
یافته­ ها: نتایج پژوهش ­ها، داده ­ها، روش­ ها و نیز مطالب درسی و تدریس، نرم ­افزارها و ابزارهای آموزشی می­توانند به ­صورت رایگان در دسترس باشند و بارها مورد بهره ­برداری شوند. وب 2 و واسپارگاه ­ها را می­توان از جمله ابزارهای یادگیری در ارائه منابع باز معرفی کرد.
نتیجه­: تصدیق مبحث علم باز و کلیه مؤلفه ­های آن در توسعه و پیشرفت حوزه آموزش علم اطلاعات و دانش­ شناسی امری انکارناپذیر است و اساتید، متخصصان و پژوهشگران این حوزه، به دلیل بهره ­گیری از فناوری ­های روز دنیا همچون برگزاری کارگاه­ های وبینار آموزشی، از دستاوردهای منابع آموزشی باز در پیشبرد اهداف این حوزه، بی ­نصیب نمانده ­اند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Open Educational Resources: A Review of Functional Experience in the World

نویسندگان [English]

  • shima Moradi 1
  • Sajedeh Abdi 2

1 Assistant professor, Policy Evaluation and Science, Technology and Innovation Monitoring Department/National Research Institute for Science Policy (NRISP)

2 Research Assistant Policy Evaluation and Science, Technology and Innovation Monitoring Department/ National Research Institute for Science Policy (NRISP)

چکیده [English]

Introduction: Open Educational Resources (OER) is a complex word, and refers to trends and movements and ranging from public resources (open), public access (open access), public archives, to free publishing. The present article deals with the open science movement as a structure that strengthens the education ecosystem.
Methodology: This review is an analytical and evidence-based study that relies on the open-source ecosystem model to analyze related components including learning stakeholders (individuals, organizations, and communities) and learning tools (tools and content) along with providing national and insightful documentation and, at the end, provides policy advice to the country in this regard.
Findings: Research results, data, methods, as well as teaching materials, software, and teaching tools are available for free and can be used over and over again. Web2 and repositories can be introduced as learning tools in providing open resources. The international community pays attention to each case.
Conclusion: Acknowledging the issue of open science, all its components in the development of the field of information science is undeniable. And professors, experts, and researchers in this field, due to the use of modern technologies in the world such as holding educational webinars have not been deprived of the achievements of open educational resources in advancing the goals of this field.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • open education
  • Education tools
  • Web 2
  • Repositories
  • Open education ecosystem model
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